Coffee Cultivation and Growing

The fruits of the coffee plant grows and florished in the tropical belt between 25 degree north and 30 degree south. The coffee tree or shrub is capable of growing up to 30 feet in height but it is usually pruned and maintained at a height of 4 – 6 feet, which is best suited for harvesting and is also conductive to good flavoured beans.

Trees that grow from seedlings takes 4 – 6 years before producing fruits. Once matured, the trees produce blossom which soon witheres and within 2 months clusteres of berries appeared in their place which gradually ripen into a deep red. Each berry is covered with a sweet pulp which normally contains two beans or seed. Inside the pulp the beans are coated with tough husk call parchment and underneath is the inner protection or silver skin. If there is only one bean or seed in the berry, then it is called a Peaberry and has a characteristically rounded shape. An average coffee tree has a life expectancy of 40 years of life.

A tree is considered in a prime of life when it is between 10 – 15 years old a good coffee treee in a productive year can yield 12 pounds of coffee berries which is equivalent to 4 – 5 pounds of coffee beans.